Explained: How Punjab mandis procure extra paddy than state produces; UP-Bihar hyperlink to this

Written by Anju Agnihotri Chaba
, Edited by Explained Desk | Jalandhar |

October 20, 2020 7:30:59 am

Paddy procurement punjab, Paddy procurement MSP, paddy msp, Bihar UP Paddy procurement, Punjab grain markets, express explained, indian expressA grain market in Ludhiana. Government companies purchased 163.82 lakh tonnes of paddy in Punjab mandis in 2019-20. (Photo by Gurmeet Singh)

For the previous few years, mandis in Punjab have been procuring at Minimum Support Price (MSP) extra paddy (non-Basmati) than the state produces. This is as a result of a considerable amount of paddy from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar is illegally delivered to Punjab, to be bought on the increased worth it might fetch within the mandis right here.

Several instances have been registered within the latest previous, together with throughout the present procurement season, in opposition to this observe. The authorities’s motion usually ends at confiscating some vans, carrying a number of thousand tonnes of paddy, and registering some instances.

The unlawful commerce, nevertheless, is of far quite a lot of thousand tonnes of paddy. If the whole manufacturing and whole buy of paddy in Punjab up to now three years are taken into consideration, the determine of illegally bought paddy arrived at is in hundreds of thousands of tonnes. How? The Indian Express explains.

How a lot paddy was bought by the federal government in these years?

Almost all of the crop delivered to mandis by the farmers is bought by the federal government. In Punjab, authorities companies purchased 163.82 lakh tonnes (LT), 170.46 LT and 179.56 LT paddy in 2019-20, 2018-19 and 2017-18 respectively, as per knowledge from the Food Corporation of India (FCI), which purchases it for the central pool.

How a lot space was underneath paddy cultivation in Punjab in these three years?

Punjab agriculture division’s information present that 22.91 lakh hectares have been underneath paddy cultivation in 2019-20, 25.94 lakh hectares in 2018-19 and 25.19 lakh hectares in 2017-18.

What was the common paddy yield of the state?

According to the state agriculture division, the whole common yield of paddy in Punjab was recorded at 6,635 kg (6.6 tonnes) per hectare in 2019-20, 6,532 kg (6.5 tonnes) in 2018-19 and 6,516 kg (6.5 tonnes) in 2017-18.

What ought to be the whole manufacturing of paddy in Punjab on this interval?

As per the crop chopping experiments throughout Punjab by the state agriculture division, the whole manufacturing ought to be 152 Lakh tonnes (15.2 million tonnes) in 2019-20, 169.44 LTs (16.9 Million tonnes) 2018-19 and 164.14 LTs (16.Four million tonnes) in 2017-18. Thus, in all of the three years, authorities companies bought extra paddy than Punjab’s whole manufacturing, as per the common yield.

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Experts mentioned that even when we take 1% or 2% greater than the precise common yield (although the federal government’s estimates are kind of equal to the precise), the quantity of the paddy coming to mandis remains to be a lot increased.

Moreover, farmers don’t convey their whole crop to mandis –– they preserve some for self-consumption and for seeds.

A senior officer within the Food Corporation of India (FCI) mentioned: “Even in the event that they preserve 2-Three million tonnes of the crop for self- consumption, one can effectively think about how a lot additional paddy is being transported to Punjab, from Bihar and UP.”

Difference in whole manufacturing and whole buy

In 2019-20, 11.82 lakh tonnes (1.2 million tonnes) extra paddy was bought in Punjab’s mandis than produced within the state. In 2018-19, the determine round 1.02 lakh tonnes, and in 2017-18, it was practically 15.42 lakh tonnes (1.5 million tonnes).

“If the quantity of paddy Punjab farmers consumed themselves can be factored in, the transportation from different states shouldn’t be lower than 4-5 million tonnes (40 to 50 lakh tonnes) yearly,” mentioned a senior officer within the state agriculture division.

Who is getting this revenue?

In UP and Bihar, paddy is hardly procured by the federal government, and is bought a lot beneath the MSP to merchants.

According to officers, a number of rice millers and a lot of rice exporters, with the connivance of some procurement companies officers, are concerned within the Punjab racket.

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They get paddy in UP and Bihar on the charge of Rs 900 to Rs 1,200 per quintal, relying upon high quality. Adding milling and transportation costs, it prices them round Rs 1,200 to Rs 1,500 per quintal. In Punjab, they promote at a far increased charge of the MSP, Rs 1,888 per quintal, illegally within the identify of state’s farmers.

An official mentioned merchants sitting in Delhi are controlling the markets of UP and Bihar and facilitating the millers of Punjab. And such millers in Punjab are incomes Rs 400 to 600 per quintal by promoting the paddy to the federal government.

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