| Pune |
October 11, 2020 10:22:15 pm
India’s first Hydrogen Fuel Cell (HFC) electrical hybrid automotive efficiently accomplished its maiden check run final week in Pune.
This indigenously developed know-how was a collaborative effort between scientists from two Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) labs – National Chemical Laboratory (NCL), Pune and Central Electro Chemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi together with KPIT, Pune.
The know-how, developed over 4 years, has the potential to cut back dependence on petrol and diesel as soon as launched in markets. This may imply fewer polluting emissions resulting from gas combustion from automobiles.
In the HFC know-how, hydrogen fuel from the on-board fuel cylinder interacts with the Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) from the anode aspect to supply protons (positively charged particles) and electrons (negatively charged particles). The protons, after passing by way of the proton change membrane, interacts with oxygen from the native air accessible on the cathode aspect to supply water. The electrons movement by way of the skin circuit and produce electrical energy.
“Unlike automobiles working on fossil fuels, which emit polluting gases like carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide, the one by-product in HFC know-how is water,” mentioned Harshwardhan Pol, undertaking chief from NCL.
In the current demonstration, KPIT made use of an current battery operated automotive wherein a 10 kW electrical (okWe) cell stack was retrofitted.
Deepesh Gujarathi, undertaking chief, KPIT, mentioned a automotive may journey at the very least 400 km in a single hydrogen fill cycle. This was true for Indian highway driving situations and when the automobile pace was maintained at 60–65 kmh.
Depending on the automobile, the variety of the HFC meeting stacks may be diversified, mentioned Santoshkumar Bhat from CECRI.
“Another benefit is that this HFC is at the very least 5 to 6 instances lighter than the normal HFCs presently accessible in India,” mentioned Bhat, the CECRI undertaking lead.
According to consultants, this know-how is best suited to heavy industrial automobiles like vans or buses, fairly than passenger vehicles, and KPIT can also be creating an analogous know-how for commercials automobiles.
“Normally, industrial automobiles carry quite a lot of lifeless weight within the type of a number of heavy batteries required to cowl lengthy distances. Since hydrogen is the lightest fuel, the HFC alternative will tackle the issue,” Gujarathi mentioned.
Maintenance of this hybrid automobile will likely be required solely as soon as in 5 years, consultants mentioned. “The cell stacks may be simply changed. We estimate such a requirement solely after completion of at the very least 20,000 steady working hours,” mentioned Gujarathi.
But to be able to make this know-how commercially accessible, hydrogen refilling infrastructure, similar to charging or fuelling stations for electrical, petrol or diesel automobiles, must be arrange.
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