Military Digest| Eastern Ladakh Sitrep: The ‘Bottleneck’ in Indo-China talks

Written by Mandeep Singh Bajwa

Published: August 2, 2020 8:39:14 am

India China talks, India China border dispute, India China LAC dispute, Galwan valley clashes, Galwan faceoff, India news, Indian Express A file picture of Indian and Chinese personnel on the LAC. (ANI/File)

The Chinese haven’t withdrawn, they don’t seem to be retreating in a rush. Tensions simmers beneath the floor. On the Indian aspect there’s a mirror deployment of forces. Any additional advance has been blocked. no extra nibbling away at our territory, no extra salami-slicing. But the issue is that the Chinese are nonetheless sitting in our land with seemingly each intention of constructing the occupation everlasting.

What is the standing of intrusions and withdrawals in the mean time? As in July 26, in Galwan (encompassing Patrolling Point 14) the Chinese have roughly withdrawn. Their intrusion had been to the depth of 1 km right here. In Hot Springs (Patrolling Points 15, 16 and 17) the intrusion was of an order of three km from which there was partial withdrawal. The identical goes for the realm across the Pangong Tso together with the Fingers Area. The PLA has affected solely a partial disengagement right here. Initially that they had intruded practically 10 km. In the sooner hotspot of Demchok-Fukche in direction of the southern finish of the LAC in Ladakh this time round there was no intrusion. Chinese targets have modified it appears.

Military Digest | Detailed Order of Battle: Chinese Forces in Eastern Ladakh

It is the Depsang Plains the place the deepest intrusion was made by the Chinese Army – 16-18 kms. Here they haven’t withdrawn an inch and are standing agency in negotiations. Nothing strikes them. The deepest level of intrusion is within the space often called the Bottleneck. While Indian troops maintain the Bottleneck itself, they’re prevented from patrolling alongside the LAC. Chinese troops are thereby denying India entry to 5 of its Patrolling Points: PP-10, PP-11, PP-11A, PP-12 and PP-13. These PPs lie on an arc of round 20 km from Raki Nala to Jiwan Nala, on a line marked because the Line of Patrolling, a couple of km to the west of the LAC.

The new actuality ought to daybreak on us now. Some 45,000 Chinese troops are both nonetheless holding on to our soil, deployed in ahead positions in opposition to us or held in reserve within the Aksai Chin space. There has been no pullback of tanks, infantry fight autos, medium artillery, air defence methods or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles each fight and surveillance.

Estimates are that some 600 sq. km of Indian territory are presently underneath Chinese occupation. Their perspective and actions conform to a sample. What appear to be their intentions? Undoubtedly so as to add depth to their very important National Highway 219. There are different geo-strategic targets discussing which should wait for an additional day. What is obvious is that the Chinese have hunkered down. We don’t have any choice however to make use of a lot of reinforcing formations to dam their intrusions and threaten their troops via a deliberate offensive of our personal. In the in the meantime, the prices of enhanced logistics for practically 50,000 troops via the winter months will likely be prohibitive.

Detailed Order of Battle: Western Theatre Command, PLA

In my final dispatch, I had written about the buildup by the Western Theatre Command (WTC) of PLA that covers the whole boundary with India from the northern tip of the Siachen Glacier to the trijunction of Indian, China and Myanmar at Diphu Pass in Arunachal Pradesh. Here is a take a look at their detailed battle order.

Area of accountability of the PLA’s Western Theatre Command

Theatre Command HQ: Chengdu

Ground Forces, HQ: Lanzhou, Gansu

This reorganized order of battle and organisation took place in 2017. Earlier one of many current Group Armies was disbanded and the remaining two renumbered.

1. Formations/Units Directly Under the Theatre Command HQ

1.1 1st Technical Reconnaissance Bureau, Chengdu, Sichuan (liable for Sigint (indicators intelligence), Elint (digital intelligence), CNO (laptop community operations), administers Information Warfare Militias (hackers) and retains the Theatre commander and his HQ knowledgeable of enemy intentions and actions.

1.2 Unidentified Artillery Brigade, Urumqi, Xinjiang

1.3 Unidentified Army Aviation Brigade. Korla, Xinjiang

2. Tibet Military District, Lhasa, Tibet

2.1 52nd Mountain Infantry Brigades, Nyingchi, Tibet

2.2 53rd Mountain Infantry Brigade, Linzhi, Tibet

2.3 54th Mechanized Infantry Brigade, Lhasa

2.4 Unidentified Special Operations Brigade, Lhasa

2.5 308th Artillery Brigade, Lhasa

2.6 651st Anti-Aircraft Artillery Brigade, Lhasa

2.7 Unidentified Army Aviation Brigade

2.8 15th Engineer and Chemical Defence Regiment

2.8 Unidentified Signal Regiment

2.9 Unidentified Electronic Warfare Regiment

3. Xinjiang Military District, (Urumqi, Xinjiang)

3.1 4th Motorised Infantry Division, Aksu, Xinjiang – presently operationally deployed in Galwan Valley/Hot Springs/Pangong Tso

3,2 sixth Mechanised Infantry Division, Hetian, Xinjiang – presently operationally deployed in Depsang Plains

3.Three eighth Motorised Infantry Division, Tacheng, Xinjiang – reserve for Aksai Chin

3.4 11th Motorised Infantry Division, Urumqi, Xinjiang – reserve for Aksai Chin, presently deployed ahead from its peace-time location

3.5 Unidentified Special Operations Brigade, Kashgar, Xinjiang

3.6 third Army Aviation Brigade

3.7 2nd Artillery Brigade, Urumqi, Xinjiang

3.8 Unidentified Air Defence Brigade, Urumqi, Xinjiang

3.9 ninth Engineer Regiment

3.10 Unidentified Signal Regiment

3.11 Unidentified Electronic Warfare Regiment

3.12 31st Chemical Defence Regiment

4. 77th Group Army, HQ: Chongqing

4.1 Three mixed arms brigades situated in Chonqing, Sichuan

4.2 Unidentified Special Operations Brigade, Sichuan

4.3 Unidentified Artillery Brigade, Chongzhou, Sichuan

4.4 Unidentified Anti-Aircraft Artillery Brigade, Mianyang, Sichuan

4.5 2nd Army Aviation Brigade, Sichuan

4.6 Unidentified Engineer Regiment

4.7 Unidentified Signal Regiment

4.8 Unidentified Electronic Warfare Regiment

5. 76th Group Army, HQ: Xining, Qinghai

5.1 Three mixed arms brigades situated in Qinghai, Ningxia and Gansu

5.2 Unidentified Special Operations Brigade

5.3 13th Army Aviation Brigade

5.4 Unidentified Artillery Brigade

5.5 Unidentified Anti-aircraft Artillery Brigade, Linxia, Gansu

5.6 Unidentified Signal Regiment

5.7 14th Engineer Regiment

5.8 11th Chemical Defence Regiment

5.9 90th Pontoon Bridge Regiment

6. PLA Air Force Formations

6.1 sixth Fighter Division, Yinchuan, Ningxia – This consists of a regiment with J-11 Shenyang air-superiority fighters, a regiment with Chengdu J-7 interceptors and a 3rd with Chengdu J-7Es.

6.2 33rd Fighter Division, Dazu, Chongqing

6.3 37th Fighter Division, Urumqi, Xinjiang

6.4 36th Bomber Division, Lintong, Shaanxi

6.5 4th Transport Division, Qionglai, Sichuan

7. PLA Rocket Force

7.1 Base 56, Xining, Qinghai – This controls 3-5 brigades every of a number of battalions. Its items are outfitted with DF-21 (vary 1,335 km) and DF-31 (vary 4,350 km) missiles

8. Border Defence Regiments

8.1 16 regiments plus a couple of unbiased battalions deployed for frontier administration. These are posted in penny-packets, evenly armed however on par with common forces so far as small military, supporting weapons, tools, sign gear and caliber of officers.

This offers a complete of 235,000 combatant personnel most of them situated at a substantial distance from the LAC. However, these troops could be strengthened in lower than a month by a considerably bigger variety of formations given the superb communications infrastructure that exists in Tibet and Xinjiang. The Group Armies in WTC have been reformed and reorganized in 2017. Given the totalitarian nature of the Chinese state, their regular paranoia and obsessive secrecy it has not been doable to determine past affordable doubt the brand new mixed arms brigades fashioned inside these Group Armies (equal of an Indian corps).

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