What’s behind Trump’s Nobel Peace Prize nomination?

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President Donald Trump has been nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize for a second time

Less than two months earlier than the US election, President Donald Trump appears to have one thing to have fun – a nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize.

A far-right Norwegian politician has put Mr Trump’s identify ahead for the 2021 prize, citing the president’s function within the current peace deal between Israel and the United Arab Emirates.

Christian Tybring-Gjedde advised Fox News on Wednesday: “For his advantage, I believe he has executed extra making an attempt to create peace between nations than most different peace prize nominees.”

Adding that he was not an enormous Trump supporter, he added. “The committee ought to take a look at the information and decide him on the information – not on the best way he behaves typically.”

Of course a nomination will not be the identical as successful – we can’t know the winner for one more 13 months – so what can we make of this information?

So who will get to appoint an individual?

For a nomination alone, the barrier to entry is low: all nominations from heads of state or politicians serving at a nationwide degree are accepted.

University professors, administrators of overseas coverage institutes, previous recipients of a Nobel Prize and members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee are additionally amongst these deemed certified to submit a nomination for the prize. The nominations require no invitation and as lengthy they’re entered earlier than 1 February of the qualifying yr, they are going to be accepted.

For the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize – the winner of which has not but been introduced – there have been 318 candidates. The Norwegian Nobel Committee would not publicly touch upon its nominees, that are stored secret for 50 years.

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Media captionHow do you select a Nobel prize winner?

Has Mr Trump been nominated earlier than?

Yes.

And for the second time, he has Mr Tybring-Gjedde to thank. In 2018, the right-wing politician was certainly one of two Norwegian lawmakers to appoint Mr Trump for a similar prize, then for his efforts to convey reconciliation to North and South Korea.

Mr Trump didn’t take residence the prize that yr, however Mr Tybring-Gjedde, a member of the conservative Progress Party, insists the US president meets the factors this time.

Last month, Israel and the UAE reached a deal to normalise relations, with Israel agreeing to droop its controversial plans to annex a part of the occupied West Bank – introduced by Mr Trump in a shock assertion.

It is simply the third Israel-Arab peace deal since Israel’s declaration of independence in 1948, and marks the primary official diplomatic relationship between Israel and a Gulf Arab nation. Palestinian leaders had been reportedly caught off guard by the settlement.

“This is a hard-earned and well-deserved honour for this president,” White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany stated on Wednesday. “Career politicians merely discuss in regards to the form of outcomes that this president has achieved on the world stage.”

Has a US president been nominated earlier than?

Mr Trump is certainly one of a number of US presidents to obtain the peace prize nomination, together with President William Howard Taft, President Herbert Hoover and President Franklin Roosevelt.

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President Obama’s nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize additionally drew scepticism.

And if he had been to obtain the coveted award, Mr Trump can be the fourth US president to win, following President Woodrow Wilson in 1920, President Jimmy Carter in 2002, and President Barack Obama in 2009.

Mr Obama’s nomination – after simply months on the job – was met with criticism within the US, with some arguing he had not made an influence worthy of the award.

Among his detractors? Mr Trump, who tweeted in 2013 calling for Mr Obama’s award to be rescinded.

The former Nobel secretary Geir Lundestad later stated he regretted Mr Obama’s choice. “Even a lot of Obama’s supporters believed that the prize was a mistake,” he advised the AP information company. “In that sense the committee did not obtain what it had hoped for.”

Mr Obama donated the $1.4m (£1.08m) award to charity.

Have there been controversial nominations earlier than?

While the award’s most well-known recipients embrace Martin Luther King Jr, Nelson Mandela and Mother Teresa – all who gained the prize – the broad standards for nominations implies that previous nominees have included extremely unorthodox, and controversial, choices.

Adolf Hitler was nominated for the peace prize in 1939 by a member of the Swedish parliament. Reportedly submitted in satire, the nomination was withdrawn quickly after. A couple of years later, the Soviet chief Josef Stalin was nominated for a similar award, twice, garnering nods in 1945 – for his efforts ending WW2 – and once more in 1948.

After nominations are submitted, the recipient is chosen by a five-person Nobel Committee, which is appointed by the Norwegian Parliament. The winner of the 2021 prize won’t be introduced till October of subsequent yr.

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